Establishment and Renewal of Diplomatic Relations


(Countries listed in alphabetical order)

Number in sequence

Country

The date of recognition of the State of Latvia1

The date of recognition of restoration of independence of Latvia

The date of establishment or renewal of diplomatic relations with Latvia

1.

Afghanistan


07.09.1991

16.02.1928
18.01.2005

2.

Albania


07.09.1991

28.01.1928
29.04.1992

3.

Algeria


27.12.1991

29.04.1998

4.

Andorra



27.08.1996

5.

Antigua and Barbuda



19.03.1993

6.

Argentina

28.03.1922

25.08.1991

26.09.1991

7.

Armenia


12.09.1991

22.08.1992

8.

Australia



27.08.1991

9.

Austria

17.02.1921

28.08.1991

19.01.1992

10.

Azerbaijan

28.01.1921

30.08.1991

11.01.1994

11.

Bahrain



27.03.2000

12.

Bangladesh


09.09.1991

21.01.1993

13.

Barbadosa

       15.05.2008

14.

Belarus


27.12.1991

07.04.1992

15.

Belgium2

26.01.1921

27.08.1991

05.09.1991

16.

Belize

03.02.2005

17.

Benin


31.01.1992

19.03.1997

18.

Bolivia



08.07.2003

19.

Bosnia and Herzegovina



19.04.1996

20.

Botswana



17.03.2003

21.

Brazil

05.12.1921

04.09.1991

18.07.1992

22.

Brunei Darussalam



14.07.2000

23.

Bulgaria

24.05.1922

26.08.1991

10.09.1991

24.

Burundi


06.01.1992

24.05.1993

25.

Cambodia



22.09.1995

26.

Canada


26.08.1991

03.09.1991

27.

Cape Verde



21.10.1992

28.

Chad


12.01.1993

23.04.1996

29.

Chile

12.09.1921

28.08.1991

26.09.1991

30.

Columbia

08.07.1922

06.09.1991

19.07.1995

31.

Costa Rica



15.05.2003

32.

Cote d'Ivoire (until 1996 Ivory Coast)



04.06.1996

33.

Croatia



14.02.1992

34.

Cuba

10.09.1921

09.09.1991

20.12.1991

35.

Cyprus



20.12.1991

36.*

Czechoslovakia

05.01.1922



37.

Denmark3

07.02.1921

27.08.1991

24.08.1991

38.

Dominic

27.09.2007

39.

Dominican Republic



15.08.2001

40.

Ecuador


02.09.1991

21.10.1992

41.

Egypt


06.09.1991

23.01.1992

42.

El Salvador



11.01.2001

43.

Estonia

21.07.1919

22.08.1991

06.09.1991

44.

Ethiopia    

11.03.2008

45.

Equatorial Guinea

   

13.11.2008

46.*

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

 

 

19.01.2001

47.

Fiji

   

07.03.2008

48.

Finland

26.01.1921

25.08.1991

29.08.1991

49.

France

26.01.1921

27.08.1991

30.08.1991

50.

Gabon



31.10.1996

51.

Gambia



12.03.1998

52.

Georgia

27.01.1921

27.08.1991

11.03.1993

53.

Germany

01.02.1921


28.08.1991

54.

Ghana



03.01.1992

55.

Great Britain

26.01.1921

27.08.1991

05.09.1991

56.

Greece

23.05.1922

27.08.1991

02.09.1991

57.

Guatemala



14.01.1993

58.

Guinea


23.11.1991

17.01.1997

59.

Guyana

16.03.2005

60.

Haiti

14.12.2006

61.

Honduras

01.07.2003

62.

Hungary

20.07.1921

24.08.1991

02.09.1991

63.

Iceland


22.08.1991

26.08.1991

64.

India


09.09.1991

07.12.1991

65.

Indonesia


16.09.1991

25.08.1993

66.

Iran (until 1921Persia)

10.02.1921

10.09.1991

07.07.1992

67.

Iraq


01.01.1992

15.10.2004

68.

Ireland


27.08.1991

09.10.1991

69.

Israel


04.09.1991

06.01.1992

70.

Italy

26.01.1921

27.08.1991

30.08.1991

71.

Jamaica



18.12.1991

72.

Japan

26.01.1921

06.09.1991

10.10.1991

73.

Jordan


18.09.1991

12.09.1994

74.

Kazakhstan


23.12.1991

30.12.1992

75.

Kenya



23.04.1996

76.

Kosovo

       10.06.2008

77.

Kuwait



15.07.1994

78.

Kyrgyzstan


31.08.1991

18.03.1993

79.

Lao


12.09.1991

27.04.1995

80.

Lebanon


30.12.1991

16.01.1998

81.

Libya

16.02.2007

82.

Lithuania

23.10.1919

22.08.1991

05.10.1991

83.

Luxembourg

14.10.1922

27.08.1991

29.01.1992

84.

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia



14.03.1996

85.

Malaysia


11.09.1991

12.06.1993

86.

Maldives



20.06.1994

87.

Mali


25.01.1992

26.11.1992

88.

Malta


26.08.1991

01.01.1992

89.

Marocco


24.09.1991

05.10.1992

90.

Mauritania



18.09.1991

91.

Mauritius



13.02.2003

92.

Mexico

10.05.1927

05.09.1991

27.11.1991

93.

Moldova


26.08.1991

01.09.1992

94.

Monaco

15.10.2008

95.

Mongolia


29.08.1991

15.10.1991

96.

Montenegro

12.06.2006

97.

Mozambique

29.04.1992

98.

Namibia



11.04.1997

99.

Nepal



20.04.1992

100.

New Zealand


28.08.1991

19.12.1991

101.

Nicaragua


02.09.1991

20.06.1994

102.

Nigeria



30.03.2001

103.

Norway

05.02.1921

25.08.1991

27.08.1991

104.

Oman


22.09.1991

05.02.1993

105.

Order of Malta



15.08.1995

106.

Pakistan


10.09.1991

29.04.1996

107.

Panama

06.07.1921


22.03.1994

108.

Paraguay


01.04.1992

03.06.1992

109.

Peru

02.06.1922

06.09.1991

23.07.1996

110.

Philippines


16.09.1991

17.12.1991

111.

Poland

27.01.1921

26.08.1991

30.08.1991

112.

Portugal

19.02.1921

27.08.1991

02.10.1991

113.

Qatar



10.12.1996

114.

Romania

26.02.1921

26.08.1991

13.09.1991

115.

Rwanda

10.04.2007

116.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

   

08.06.2009

117.

Saint Lucia

21.06.2006

118.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

25.08.2006

119.

San Marino


26.08.1991

07.03.2000

120.

Sao Tome and Principle


28.01.1992

26.07.1994

121.

Saudi Arabia



21.03.2003

122.

Senegal


17.09.1991

09.06.1992

123.

Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro before 05.06.2006., Yugoslavia until 2003)



19.01.2001
(see Yugoslavia)

124.

Singapore


06.09.1991

20.01.1992

125.

Slovakia



01.01.1993

126.

Slovenia


29.08.1991

30.09.1991

127.

South Africa


29.08.1991

04.11.1991

128.

Spain

09.04.1921

27.08.1991

09.10.1991

129.

Sri Lanka


10.10.1991

19.09.1996

130.

Suriname    

20.05.2009

131.

Sweden

05.02.1921

27.08.1991

28.08.1991

132.

Switzerland

23.04.1921


05.09.1991

133.

Syria


09.09.1991

25.05.1993

134.

Tajikistan


25.12.1991

11.05.1994

135.

Tanzania



28.11.1997

136.

Thailand (until 1921 Siam)

11.08.1921

09.09.1991

19.03.1992

137.

The Bahamas

20.01.2005

138.*

The Czech and Slovak Federal Republic


29.08.1991

09.09.1991

139.

The Czech Republic



01.01.1993

140.

The Holy See

10.06.1921

29.08.1991

01.10.1991

141.*

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes

07.09.1926



142.

The Netherlands

05.03.1921

27.08.1991

24.09.1991

143.*

The North - Western Region of Russia

11.11.1919



144.

The People's Democratic Republic of Korea


07.09.1991

26.09.1991

145.

The People's Republic of China

16.08.1923

07.09.1991

12.09.1991

146.

The Republic of Korea



22.10.1991

147.

The Republic of Malawi



10.09.1998

148.

The Republic of Seychelles



23.03.1994

149.

The Russian Federation (until 1920 RSFSR)

11.08.1920

24.08.1991

04.10.1991

150.

Trinidad and Tobago



11.03.2003

151.

Tunisia


02.09.1991

26.06.1992

152.

Turkey

03.01.1925

03.09.1991

22.10.1991

153.

Turkmenistan



05.02.1993

154.

Ukraine

10.12.1919

26.08.1991

12.02.1992

155.

United Arab Emirates



18.09.1995

156.

Uruguay



06.07.1992

157.

USA

28.07.1922

02.09.1991

05.09.1991

158.*

USSR


06.09.1991

15.10.1991

159.

Uzbekistan


30.09.1991

03.11.1992

160.

Venezuela

12.01.1922

02.09.1991

23.04.1992

161.

Viet Nam


09.09.1991

12.02.1992

162.

Yemen


13.09.1991

13.02.1992

163.

Zambia



27.02.1997


At present Latvia has established diplomatic relations with 158 countries.


[*] The numbers of states or state formations, with which Latvia has had diplomatic relations, but at the moment those countries have either ceased to exist, have broken up or have no legal successors, have been marked (and not included in the total amount).

[1] In the period from 1921 to 1928, the date of recognition of the State of Latvia signifies also the date of establishment of the diplomatic relations.

[2] On August 27, 1991 Belgium adhered to the Declaration of the European Community on the independence of the Baltic States. The Kingdom of Belgium in the press announcement on recognition of the Baltic States of August 23, 1991 has declared that taking into account legal continuity of the Baltic States, Belgium has no need to reconsider the issue of recognition of the Baltic States. Subsequently, the diplomatic relations can be renewed at the earliest time.

[3] On August 27, 1991 Denmark adhered to the Declaration of the European Community on the independence of the Baltic States. The Joint Copenhagen Protocol on Co-operation between the Kingdom of Denmark and the Republic of Latvia of March 18, 1991 reaffirms the recognition of the statehood of Latvia as declared on February 7, 1921, and announces that Denmark and Latvia would seek opportunities for a favourable situation in order to renew diplomatic relations.


Source: "A Document Collection on the International Recognition of Latvia, Renewed Independence and Diplomatic Relations. 1918-1998", 1999, publishing house "NORDIC", prepared by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Archives, in collaboration with Latvian Archivists Association and Latvian State History Archives.